Women's oral health can be influenced by a number of factors throughout their lives including puberty, pregnancy and menopause. Hormonal changes can have a great influence on the oral cavity, generally resulting in an increased inflammatory response in the gums. This may result in gingivitis involving red, puffy or bleeding gums, or less commonly, periodontitis, a more advanced form of gum disease. The use of oral contraceptives have also been found to affect the gingival (gum) tissue.
While various factors exist that can affect a women's oral health, following a good preventive routine can help to reduce any negative health outcomes.